There is some evidence found in 100 B.C., which says about occupation therapy. In ancient times Greek physician Asclepiades treat their patients having mental disorder humanely using therapeutic baths, exercises, massage and music. After that, the Romans prescribed music, travel, exercise and conversation to their patients. In mediaeval times the use of this therapy became rare and not existed. During 18 century, European revolutionaries like Phillies Pinel and Johann Christian Reil reformed the hospital system instead of metal chains. They restrained their institutions, and they used different work and leisure activities. It was known as the Moral Treatment era, which developed in 18 century Europe during the Age of Enlightenment. This became the root of occupational therapy. Occupant protection analysis is very important as it is used as safety measures.
So occupational therapy (O.T.) is used to assess and intervention to develop, recover and maintain the meaningful activity or occupations of individuals, groups or communities. It is an allied profession done by special therapists known as an occupational therapist and occupational therapist assistant (OTA). Occupational therapist mostly works with the person having mental illness or disorder, injured and the person having any disability. According to the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), an occupational therapist is a person who helps people across their lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities (occupation). Occupant protection analysis is important from the point of view of safety.
Occupations involved in Occupational therapy
According to AOTA, these occupations are goal-oriented, task-oriented, purposeful, culturally relevant, role-specific, individual tailored, or community-oriented, depending on one’s value, belief, context, and environment.
- Activities of daily living: it includes bathing, showering, toileting, toilet hygiene, dressing, eating (feeding), function mobility, personal hygiene and grooming and sexual activity.
- Instrumental activities of daily living: Caring for pets, caring for other, health management and maintenance, meal preparation and cleanups, medication management, religious and spiritual activities, expression, safety and emergency maintenance and shopping.
- Rest and Sleep: it includes rest, sleeps preparation and sleeps practice.
- Education: reading, writing, formal education, informal education.
- Work: employment, job performance, retirement preparation and adjustment.
Occupations therapy work is used to assessment and intervention to develop, recover and maintain in this development is done in the case of children who has a problem in holding his neck straight, who has a sitting problem because of weak backbone or muscles, recovery is done in the case of adults who met an accident and some loss their body parts, maintenance is done in the case old age people having problems in doing them or having problem to standing for a long time. Occupational therapy is the best therapy to recover patients.